Benign Cystic Mesothelioma

Benign Cystic Mesothelioma

A type of Mesothelioma, benign cystic mesothelioma is described as an uncommon mesothelial proliferation with a tendency to reoccur. Despite the tendency to reoccur, these lesions are nevertheless benign. The most common occurrences of these lesions tend to be in women, especially those who are in the age group for reproduction. The ratio of occurrence for benign cystic mesothelioma is approximately 5:1 between women and men.

Benign Cystic Mesothelioma History

Presently, the natural history and the pathogenesis for the benign cystic mesothelioma condition are as yet poorly defined because there is only a minimum amount of information currently available. Most patients who are diagnosed with benign cystic mesothelioma actually have history of having a previous pelvic operation, pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis.

benign cystic mesotheliomaMany patients who have benign cystic mesothelioma are asymptomatic, meaning that there are no symptoms occurring that reveal the existence of the lesion or lesions. Instead this particular tumor is most commonly found incidentally.

Symptoms of a variable level of intensity are still capable of occurring depending on the size of the benign cystic mesothelioma tumor. Some of the classic symptoms and signs of benign cystic mesothelioma include abdominal tenderness, abdominal pain and a mass in the abdominal or pelvic areas.

The preoperative diagnosis for a benign cystic mesothelioma tumor is often difficult to make. There are diagnostic procedures such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound and magnetic resonance imagine (MRI) that are capable of demonstrating that an abnormality is present that may suggest benign cystic mesothelioma, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is by way of surgery.

Benign Cystic Mesothelioma Lesions

The lesions created by benign cystic mesothelioma are considered to be borderline because they are incapable of metastasis. However, it is important to know that the lesions associated with benign cystic mesothelioma tend to have a propensity for recurring on a local basis.

This is still a largely misunderstood cancer, especially as preoperative diagnosis is problematic because CT scans and ultrasounds are incapable of differentiating between benign cystic mesothelioma and other types of cystic lesions. Fine needle aspiration is being considered as a potential diagnostic tool, but this method is not typically informative enough to be exploited as a primary diagnostic tool for benign cystic mesothelioma.

The most accurate diagnostic method for benign cystic mesothelioma is Laparoscopy, as it makes local biopsy possible for the suspected tissue specimen. Unfortunately, this diagnostic method is rather invasive in nature.

Benign Cystic Mesothelioma Treatment

Another problem associated with benign cystic mesothelioma is that there are no uniform treatment strategies that are associated with peritoneal benign cystic mesothelioma. The mainstay of treatment is the complete eradication of all peritoneal cysts, though recurrence is always still a risk.

The risk of tumor recurrence sits at around 50 % to 60 %, which is relatively common as far as mesothelioma type cancers are concerned. This is still a rare form of tumor, as there are only a small number of reported cases of benign cystic mesothelioma every year.